Labour & Birth

Caesarean Section

Labour Complications

Labour Process

Labour : How do I know whether I am in labour?

Birth is a normal and natural process. About 70 80 of babies are delivered via normal birth each year. Delivering a... Read more

Stages of Labour

Written By : Dr Gunasegaran Rajan Consultant Gynaecologist & Past President OGSM MBBS malaya MRCOG UK FRCOG UK ... Read more

Post Partum Haemorrhage (PPH)

What is postpartum haemorrhage PPH ? Post partum haemorrhage is a medical term for excessive vaginal bleeding after... Read more

Prelabour Rupture of Membranes (PROM)

What is prelabour rupture of membranes? Prelabour rupture of membranes or also known as premature rupture of membranes is... Read more

Placental Abruption

What is placental abruption? This is a condition where a normally situated placenta abnormally separates from the wall of... Read more

Cephalodisproportion (CPD)

What is cephalopelvic disproportion CPD ? CPD is a medical term whereby a baby's head or body is too large to fit the... Read more


What is breech? Breech means your baby is lying bottom first in the womb. Normally the baby lies with head first position. ... Read more

Third and Fourth Degree Perineal Tear

What is an episiotomy? An episiotomy is a cut made by the doctor during labour through the vaginal wall and perineum ... Read more

Shoulder Dystocia

What is shoulder dystocia? This is a medical term that is used when the baby's head has been born but the shoulder becomes... Read more


What is an episiotomy? Episiotomy is a small surgical cut in the perineum the muscular area between your vagina and back... Read more
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